Pathogen

A microbe which causes or has the potential to cause an infectious disease.

PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction)

Molecular biology technology for in vitro amplification of genetic sequences, used to copy known DNA or RNA sequences in large quantities (by an order of magnitude of a billion) from an initially small quantity. This technology is particularly useful for detecting the presence of viruses.

PCT (Procalcitonin)

An early and specific host marker of a bacterial infection, PCT is useful to adapt antimicrobial prescription.

PERFORM

Personalized Risk assessment in febrile illness to Optimise Real-life Management across the European Union

Salmonella

Salmonella belong to the Salmonella genus of Enterobacteriaceae. They cause two types of illness: food-borne gastroenteritis (salmonellosis), and typhoid/paratyphoid fevers.

Sepsis

A serious systemic infection characterized by the presence of bacteria, fungi, viruses and parasites in the blood and combined with an inflammatory immune-reaction (host response) that can result in the rapid deterioration of the patient’s general condition leading to possible organ failure.

Septicaemia

Severe systemic infection caused by pathogenic microorganisms present in the bloodstream and which can evolve into a sepsis or septic shock (the most severe form of sepsis, due to acute circulatory failure as a result of a microbial infection).

Typing

A method used to characterize bacteria by comparing two organisms, based on their composition or metabolism.

USDA

United States Department of Agriculture

WHO

World Health Organization